Among the fundamental values of our Western democratic societies are freedom, respect, equality, the rule of law and the separation of powers. Rules and values are not static, but can evolve through democratic debate. Morality is about making choices and acting according to what we believe is right, consistent with our convictions(freedom, responsability) and the rules and values of the society that hosts us (respect, rule of law).
Learning self-control starts from childhood through the development of emotional and social skills: understanding and control of emotions, resistance to temptation, tolerance to frustration, perseverance. Practice and experience make it possible to develop self-control. When faced with difficult situations, it is important to learn to take a step back and control our aggression. Self-control learning is facilitated by a caring environment and requires the support of teachers and parents. Generally, better overall results are achieved by adopting a cooperative attitude rather than a competitive or individualistic one.
It is first of all a question of attitude: open-mindness, curiosity, prudence, lucidity, autonomy, objectivity. It is also necessary to develop skills, such as collecting, comparing and verifying information, as well as dialogue with others, in order to develop a personal opinion and be able to make it evolve. Internet, new media and new technologies make these learnings even more essential for kids. It is probably impossible to escape subjectivity and the absolute reality is probably elusive, but critical thinking makes it possible to maintain coherence between our identity and our values on the one hand and the world around us and the informations received on the other hand. Positioning helps us to grow and find our place in society.
Living together with our differences is more of an opportunity than a threat. Learning to live together requires adopting a positive attitude and developing specific skills: openness, dialogue, respect, solidarity, responsibility. Beyond our differences, which enrich each other, we are all human beings with common foundations: need of recognition, love, respect, friendship, that is what unites us.
Radicalization is an individual or collective process that can affect anyone and is not just about religion. Generally, this process induces isolation, a dogmatic thought (my vision of the world is the only one that is right), proselytism, a rejection of those who think or act differently, and even their dehumanization, which justifies the fact of brutalizing them. There are ways to prevent violent radicalization, including maintaning dialogue, fraternity and critical thinking.
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